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Critical and innovative thinking

Critical and innovative thinking

Systematic analysis and creative problem solving


The ability to analyse and evaluate information in a systematic and logical manner, while also generating new and original ideas through creative and divergent thinking. It involves questioning assumptions, considering multiple perspectives, recognising patterns and connections, and applying knowledge and experience to solve complex problems.

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Problem solving

The ability to develop strategies to find solutions to practical, operational or conceptual problems in a wide range of contexts. This includes the ability to identify, analyse, and resolve challenges using critical thinking. The attitude to approach problems with a clear and open mind, break them down into manageable parts, and use a variety of tools and techniques to generate solutions. The awareness to anticipate potential obstacles and adjust approaches as needed.

ESCO skills


Generate ideas

The ability to utilise creative thinking techniques, brainstorming, and idea generation processes to develop unique solutions to problems or challenges. It involves breaking away from conventional patterns of thought and exploring new possibilities to come up with fresh perspectives and insights.


Innovative thinking

The ability to develop ideas or conclusions that lead to the creation and implementation of innovations or changes.


Creative thinking

The ability to generate original or new ideas or combine existing ones to develop innovative, novel solutions by utilising divergent thinking techniques and breaking away from conventional patterns of thought. It involves exploring different perspectives, taking risks, embracing ambiguity and uncertainty, and developing unique solutions to problems or challenges.


Ability to learn

The ability to show a positive attitude towards new and challenging demands by learning through various means, such as experience, instruction, observation, or study. It involves the cognitive processes of perception, attention, memory, and problem-solving, as well as the emotional and motivational factors that influence learning.



The ability to process information, ideas and committments and to take into account indirect and long-term consequences when planning and making decisions. Consider the effects on other people, processes and the environment and include these in your planning. The ability to take a proactive approach with self-management and accept responsibility and accountability for one's own professional decisions and actions, or those delegated to others.

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